In Romania, a rare outbreak of HIV infections struck children in the 1980-90s. The cause: poor and unsafe medical practices. At the time, Romanian officials denied the epidemic and expected these children to die. But with international help and pioneering doctors like Dr. Rodica Matusa, whose town was hardest hit by the outbreak, this generation is now living longer and coming of age. Their experiences offer important lessons on how to address HIV/AIDS issues specific to young people.